As soon as she knows she is pregnant.
If allowed by the adoptive parents.
If the birth father is married to the birth mother he may essentially veto any adoption plan. If the birth father was not married to the birth mother and the child is placed before it is six months old and the birth father lived with the birth mother a continuous period of six months immediately preceding the placement and held himself out to be the father during the six month period or paid a fair and reasonable sum, based on his ability, for the support of the child or expenses incurred in connection with the pregnancy or with the birth of the child then his consent will be required and he may essentially veto the adoption plan. If the birth father was not married to the birth mother and the child is more than six months old at placement, the birth father's consent is necessary but only if he has maintained substantial and continuous contact or repeated contact with the child as demonstrated by payment of support of a fair and reasonable sum based on his financial ability and visits at least monthly when he is able to do so and not prevented from doing so by the person or agency having lawful custody of the child or regular communication by the father with the child or with the person or agency having custody of the child when the father is financially or physically unable to visit the child or when the father is prevented from visiting the child by the person or agency having lawful custody of the child. See S. C. Code Ann. § 63-9-310 (Cum. Supp. 1992).
She can only withdraw her consent with the Court's permission. She would have to prove coercion or duress and that it would be in the best interest of the child for the Court to allow the consent to be withdrawn. The Court is to consider the totality of the circumstances including emotional stressors in determining whether or not the signing of any consent to adoption was involuntary or pursuant to duress or coercion. See McCann v. Doe, Opinion #26468, filed April 7, 2008. The burden is on the person seeking to revoke the consent to show the consent was obtained involuntarily. Phillips v. Baker, 284 SC 134, 137, 325 SE2d 533, 535 (1985). See S. C. Code Ann. §63-9-350 (Cum. Supp. 1992).
Typically, the birth mother signs the day after the delivery or thereafter. Her medical chart should be checked to make sure she is not under the influence of any pain killer that might impair her judgment. The consent and relinquishment must be explained by an attorney or person certified by the Department of Social Services who does not represent the adoptive couple. The document must be notarized.
Yes, See S. C. Code Ann. §63-7-40 (Cum. Supp. 1992).